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Improvement Harvest Method

Improvement Harvest Method.

Through single-tree and small group selection, appropriate to site and species composition of the forest, harvest only trees which are diseased, of poor form, of lowest value, dying, or overcrowded; conversely, trees that are healthy, well-formed, of high value, and well-spaced are retained. The purpose is to improve both the health and the value of sustained yield forestland.

Management Practices.

-Maintain a Continuous Forest Inventory/CFI, conducted at 5 year intervals on 1/5 acre plots, with at least one plot for each 40 acres. CFI collects data on each tree 5” dbh or greater, including species, dbh, height, vigor, mortality, potential product type (e.g.: sawlog, cordwood, post, etc.), percentage of defect, whether a particular tree should be cut or left, product volumes, etc.

-Integrity of riparian areas including significant intermittent Streamside Management Zones/SMZ’s maintained and/or restored when necessary and possible; maintaining buffer strips no less than 100 ft along either side of the stream or ten feet along either side of a drainage water flow.

-Maintain habitat for wildlife, including providing for mast, plant and habitat diversity and including snags and den trees retained at no less than 3 per acre.

-Trees marked prior to logging.

-Cutting, handling, storage and transportation of timber done so as to minimize damage, degradation and waste in logs, residual stand, ground and vegetation.

-Remediation of harvest impacts including but not limited to preventing the onset of erosion from skidding, road travel or leaving the ground bare.

-Loggers trained in best management practices, safety and awareness of the forest ecology.

-Regulated public access for hunting.

-Implementation of fire prevention and firebreak measures.

-Timber Stand Improvement (TSI) done as much as possible, and when affordable.

-Temporary roads and skidding trails constructed with minimum size and frequency necessary for harvest and with as minimal impact as possible. No trails made to accommodate the skidding of logs shall be allowed to remain as a permanent means of access by motor vehicles, and these trails shall be retired as necessary by active or passive means as soon as the logging activity ceases.

-Reforestation only when necessary, i.e., tree planting using native species planted in open areas originally in forest or to restore extirpated species;

-Whenever possible hire local workers, contractors and processors.